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Income Inequality among Old Chinese

Katja Hanewald, Ruo Jia, Zining Liu, Oct 16, 2019

Using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 1991–2015, we decompose the income inequality among old Chinese and compare the income inequality between old households and young households. We develop an OLG model and a new empirical method to test how initial socioeconomic differences transmit to income inequality in the working years and then in old age. We find that the urban-rural gap and educational differences...

What Happens to Rural Labor Supply Following the Birth of a Son or a Daughter?

Shing-Yi Wang, Nov 20, 2019

Our research shows that rural Chinese women's labor supply falls for one year following the birth of a daughter before returning to pre-birth levels while the negative impact of a son on women's labor supply is larger and persists for four years. Furthermore, there is a decrease in household cigarette consumption, and an increase in the mother's probability of being in school, her leisure time, and her participation in...

The Effect of the China Connect

Chang Ma, John Rogers, Sili Zhou, Nov 13, 2019

We study the effect on Chinese firms of the Shanghai (Shenzhen)–Hong Kong Stock Connect. The Connect, introduced in the mid-2010s by the government, provided important capital account liberalization. It created a channel for cross-border equity investments into a select set of Chinese stocks while the overall capital controls policy remained in place. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we find that mainland Chinese firm-level investment is negatively...

The Impact of the China Tire Safeguard

Sunghoon Chung, Joonhyung Lee, Oct 23, 2019

This column evaluates the impact of the China tire safeguard on the US tire industry. Contrary to claims made by the US government, we find that total employment and average wages in the tire industry were unaffected by the safeguard. This result is not surprising as we find that Chinese tires have been completely diverted to other exporting countries due to the strong presence of multinational corporations in the world tire market. On the other hand, US domestic tire prices increased by up to 10% during the safeguard period...

Overpricing in China’s Corporate Bond Market

Yi Ding, Wei Xiong, Jinfan Zhang, Nov 27, 2019

In China’s corporate bond market, the yield spread of newly issued bonds at their first secondary-market trade is on average 5.35 bps higher than the issuance spread. This overpricing is robust across bond issuances with different credit ratings, maturities, issuance types, and issuer status. Evidence suggests that competition among underwriters drives this overpricing through two specific channels—either through rebates to participants in issuance auctions or through direct auction bidding by the underwriters for themselves or their clients.